Fundamentally, Music therapy is a form of therapy that makes use of expressive arts therapy, using music to enhance and regulate the psychological, physical and social welfare of individuals.
There is a wide range of activities like listening to songs, singing and playing any musical instrument.
Music therapy is not just handled by anybody. It is supervised and managed by a trained therapist, and is usually used in rehab homes, schools, homes and a host of other places.
For centuries, music has been used as a therapeutic device, and it has been proved to positively affect various parts of the brain like the sections needed for movement, sensation, emotion and cognition.
Music therapy has the capacity to provide benefits for several individuals. Music is very diverse and due to this, it can be used in the treatment of both psychological and physical problems.
In some cases, therapeutic use of music has been able to assist people in ways where other forms of music has failed.
In a music therapy session, the intervention methods that occur are broadly categorized into two: Receptive and active.
The receptive technique comprises listening to and giving a continual response to music. This can be done by dancing or analyzing the lyrics.
For the active technique, the individual is either singing, playing musical instruments, making songs and a host of other activities centered on making music.
When both of these techniques are combined, you can expect a good result. Music therapy can either be done in groups or individuals.
The music is either chosen by the person in therapy, or the therapist.
However, the genre of music would be determined by the therapist, then it would be up to the individual to determine the exact song under the selected genre.
Therapists use the ISO principle when they want to introduce music. This principle states that music would have a greater influence when it tallies with the present condition of the individual.